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Thread: Need to understand the Linux Directory Structure

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Jul 2010
    Posts
    75

    Need to understand the Linux Directory Structure

    I had by no means utilized Wine previous to, and I heard by means of the intention of a peice of software (by means of the intention of is the merely reason I maintain Windows on the dual boot) does essentially work on Linux utilizing it. I installed it okay, by means of Wine working with the Windows pedestal installer extremely well. It installed, extra than it turns out I desirable Internet Explorer to run the actual execution capable. Several attempts at this failed, additional than I become aware of Wine Tools would inaugurate it for me. I did a fresh inaugurate of Wine and Wine Tools, thinking by means of the intention of me installing the program at the commencement did it. Tranquil the similar problem. Giving the impression of being at it, I observe by means of the intention of in the .wine part of the usr/bin I encompass a folder for the windows "c drive" and the original program I required installed inside "Program Files".

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Nov 2009
    Posts
    1,035

    Re: Need to understand the Linux Directory Structure

    One of the most noticeable dissimilarity connecting Linux and Windows is the directory structure. Not merely is the format dissimilar, additional than the logic of where to locate things is dissimilar Introduction In Windows, you utilize this format to have right of entry a directory D:\Folder\subfolder\file.txt In Linux, this is the fundamental format /Folder/subfolder/file.txt You determine to become aware of by means of the intention of the slashes are frontward slashes in Linux versus backslashes in Windows. In addition, there is no drive name (C:, D:, etc.) in Linux. At boot, the ‘root partition’ is accumulate at /. The entire files, folders, apparatus and drives are mounted under /. Despite the fact by means of the intention of it is not apparent commencing from this illustration, it is significant to communication by means of the intention of files and folders in Linux are case sensitive.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    May 2008
    Posts
    859

    Re: Need to understand the Linux Directory Structure

    In particular, the explanation of /dev and /sys are downright ambiguous. /dev include apparatus nodes, not device drivers (which might be linked into the kernel representation or reside in separate files beneath /lib/modules). /sys restrain apparatus readable textual descriptions or kernel objects, such as modules, apparatus, buses etc. The GNU/Linux is not case sensitive; a number of file systems it sustains or maintains are. You be able to install GNU/Linux on a FAT32 separation, and it would not have comprised several case sensitivity. I have the similar opinion the descriptions of dev and sys are atrocious; it’s a pleasant explanation to (nice diagram too yes it be supposed to be accurate. I desire to generate portions for every director.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    May 2008
    Posts
    962

    Re: Need to understand the Linux Directory Structure

    I agree by means of one additional poster regarding the directory naming in linux. Whoever consideration of by means of the intention of directory naming conference be supposed to be punched in the nuts hard and often. I imagine this was a decent primer for us innovative people. Something similar to this actually requirements to be completed in much additional depth though, additional than it’s superior nonetheless. Ever become aware of how the “beginning linux” book by no means cover filename and directory conference and structure. They the entire attractive much immediately dive in without by means of the intention of. I had to search a lot of possessions to locate out by means of the intention of executable files were not nominated by extension, additional than rather an attribute flag In my estimation this file structure is dangerously messed up for the reason by means of the intention of the lack of a common rigid customary and developers/distros prefer to position their binaries and configuration files the entire in excess of the place.

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Mar 2010
    Posts
    515

    Re: Need to understand the Linux Directory Structure

    I imagine the reason it tends to be confusing is for the reason by means of the intention of so a small number of distributions maintain the straightforwardness. You so often locate distro built packages in /usr/local, for illustration, and then /opt goes unused. Then there's man.conf which, for a number of reason, sits in /usr/share/misc by defaulting. And is it immediately me, or does it drive anybody else insane to observe a distro pile the entire sorts of stuff unswervingly under root. Even observing the kernel there gets to me. At present by means of the intention of I am utilized to it and encompass a distro by means of the intention of does it right, I similar to the layout. It's almost approximating a search filter, limiting your results to libraries, configs, logs, or anywhere it is you are working. The merely real downside I observe is by means of the intention of it's complicated to think holistically when you first start out.

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Apr 2010
    Posts
    205

    Re: Need to understand the Linux Directory Structure

    Perhaps it is presently for the reason by means of the intention of I do not actually understand the linux system. I determine to be learning it at present. Jump into the /bin and acquire utilize to most of the commands and utilities by means of the intention of root uses. Locate the diff b/n the /bin and the /usr/sbin. At present in addition by means of the intention of you are home directories for utilize accounts are in the /home and numerous additional interesting stuffs. A Linux "directory" is presently the similar in standard as a Windows "folder," in by means of the intention of files be able to be organized into contradictory directories, and every directory is able to be organized into various subdirectories. The similarity stops there despite the fact by means of the intention of, for the reason that the organization of the operating system's directory structure is extremely dissimilar connecting Linux and Windows.

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