I have "fixed" the above cited issue. The steps I performed:
File tab is clicked -> Account Settings -> 1 E-mail Address clicked and clicked on another folder -> Personal Folders \ Inbox to Personal Folders \ Inbox \ Mail1 last run. The rest of the e-mail addresses same. New e-mails directly to the folders sorted and displayed. :-) The problem with the access to the Outlook data file is gone.Finally I can use Outlook 2010. The only question is why the folder Outlook Personal Folders \ Inbox problems with new e-mails, in Outlook 2010.