The Linux file system is the basic of each installation. Our new series introduces the administration of the file system and explains the first part of the main file system types that Linux offers. Our new Linux-series describes the various facets of the administration of the file system. With the exception of the first two sections of the chapter is directed specifically at Linux professionals. The eight-part series addressed the following issues:
File system types: This section provides an overview of features supported by Linux file system types.
- Management of the file system: In this section you will learn how to Linux and Windows partitions, floppy disks, data CDs and DVDs, USB memory sticks, etc.-can-use. The section also gives tips on what to do when a hard drive partition proves to be too small.
- Disk partitioning: Partitioning your hard drive is a central part of the installation of Linux. Sometimes it is also in the operation of Linux need to add a new partition.
- File systems: ext3 is the main Linux file system. It is backward compatible with its predecessor, ext2, but contains additional journaling. reiserfs is an alternative to ext3. The file system also supports journaling and is optimized especially for dealing with small files.
- RAID : RAID (Redundant Array of Inexpensive / Independent Disks) Link to the partitions of multiple hard drives together to fashion a more reliable and / or faster overall system to achieve this. This section will briefly discuss the basics of RAID, and then describes the creation of a RAID-0 system (striping).
- LVM: The logical volume manager (LVM short) allows flexible management of partitions. With LVM you can combine partitions such as multiple hard drives into a virtual partition, resize partitions on the fly.
- DMA mode for IDE hard drives: the so-called bus-master DMA mode can speed up access to IDE hard drives considerably. For compatibility reasons, this mode is often not enabled by default.