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Thread: How to change routing table on Windows Server 2003

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Jul 2009
    Posts
    79

    How to change routing table on Windows Server 2003

    I am running Windows Server 2003 at my office and partially configured it. I want now to route some IP address but don't know how to do so. Can you provide me some details on how to change the routing table on Windows Server 2003?

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jan 2006
    Posts
    3,798

    Re: How to change routing table on Windows Server 2003

    A routing table is an electronic table (file) or database type object that is stored in a router or a networked computer. The routing table stores the routes to particular network destinations. "Route" commands manipulates the kernel's IP routing tables. Its primary use is to set up static routes to specific hosts or networks.

    Simply use "ROUTE [-f] [-p] [command [destination] []"

  3. #3
    Join Date
    May 2008
    Posts
    552

    Re: How to change routing table on Windows Server 2003

    ROUTE manipulates network routing tables.

    Syntax:

    Code:
    ROUTE [-f] [-p] [command [destination] [MASK netmask] [gateway] [METRIC metric]  [IF interface]
    -f: Clears the routing tables of all gateway entries. If this is used in conjunction with one of the commands, the tables are cleared prior to running the command.
    -p: When used with the ADD command, makes a route persistent across boots of the system. By default, routes are not preserved when the system is restarted. Ignored for all other commands, which always affect the appropriate persistent routes. This option is not supported in Windows 95.
    command: One of these:
    PRINT Prints a route
    ADD Adds a route
    DELETE Deletes a route
    CHANGE Modifies an existing route
    destination: Specifies the host.
    MASK: Specifies that the next parameter is the 'netmask' value.
    netmask: Specifies a subnet mask value for this route entry. If not specified, it defaults to 255.255.255.255.
    gateway: Specifies gateway.
    interface: the interface number for the specified route.
    METRIC: specifies the metric, ie. cost for the destination.

    All symbolic names used for destination are looked up in the network database file NETWORKS. The symbolic names for gateway are looked up in the host name database file HOSTS.

    If the command is PRINT or DELETE. Destination or gateway can be a wildcard, (wildcard is specified as a star '*'), or the gateway argument may be omitted.

    If Dest contains a * or ?, it is treated as a shell pattern, and only matching destination routes are printed. The '*' matches any string, and '?' matches any one char. Examples: 157.*.1, 157.*, 127.*, *224*.

    Examples:

    route PRINT
    route ADD 157.0.0.0 MASK 255.0.0.0 157.55.80.1 METRIC 3 IF 2
    destination^ ^mask ^gateway metric^ ^Interface^
    If IF is not given, it tries to find the best interface for a given gateway.
    route PRINT
    route PRINT 157* .... Only prints those matching 157*
    route CHANGE 157.0.0.0 MASK 255.0.0.0 157.55.80.5 METRIC 2 IF 2

    CHANGE is used to modify gateway and/or metric only.
    route PRINT
    route DELETE 157.0.0.0
    route PRINT

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