When you create a SharePoint site, it helps you to understand where your site is in the hierarchy. The below are the three SharePoint concepts:
- Top-level Web site: This is the default top-level site provided by a Web server. To open the top-level Web site, you provide the URL of the server (for example, http://myservername) without specifying a page name or subsite. Administrators go to this site to change settings for the entire site collection.
- Subsite: A complete Web site stored in a named subdirectory of the top-level Web site. Each subsite can have administration, authoring, and browsing permissions that are independent from the top-level Web site and other subsites. A subsite can also have subsites of its own. Because every site below the top-level site is actually a subsite, each subsite is generally called simply a site. To open a subsite, you provide the subsites name along with the URL of the server (for example, http://myservername/subsitename).
- Site collection: A set of Web sites on a Web server, all of which have the same owner and share administration settings. Each site collection contains exactly one top-level Web site, and can also contain one or more subsites. There can be multiple site collections on each Web server.
How to setup a Sharepoint site
To create a SharePoint site, you must be a member of a site group that has the Create Subsites permission. This permission is included by default in the Full Control permission level.
- Click on the "File" menu, choose "New", and then click "Web Site".
- In the "Specify the location of the new Web site" box, type the location where you want to create the new site, including a name for the site.
- In the leftmost pane, click the category of template that you want to create.
- In the center pane, click the template that you want to use to create your site.
- If you want to add the new site to the current site, select the "Add to current Web site" check box.
- If you want to use encrypted connections, select the "Use Encrypted Connection (SSL)" check box.
- Click "OK".
How to use SharePoint Designer to configure unique permissions for the subsite
- Start SharePoint Designer, and then open the subsite.
- Click Site, point to Administration, and then click Permissions.
- On the Permissions Administration page, click Change permissions.
- Click Use unique permissions for this Web site, and then click Submit.
- Click Administration.
- On the Web site Administration for "Your_Web_Site" page, click Manage Users in the Users and Roles area.
- Grant users permissions to access the subsite. To do this, follow these steps:
- Click Add a User.
- In the User area, create a new account. Or, add an existing user account.
- In the User Role area, select a role for the user who you are adding, and then click Add User.
- Repeat steps 7a through 7c for each user to whom you want to grant permissions to access the restricted-access subsite.
- Click Administration to return to the Administration page, and then click Change anonymous access settings.
- On the Change anonymous access settings page, click Off, and then click Submit.